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解析XML (很给力)

来源:新2备用网址hg622.com|首页吧 责任编辑:Jzq8 发表时间:2011-12-23 点击:次
XML是一种简单的数据存储语言,使用一系列简单的标记描述数据,而这些标记可以用方便的方式建立,虽然XML占用的空间比二进制数据要占用更多的空间,但XML极其简单易于掌握和使用。本文解析XML,分享给大家!

==================作者有话================

确实有点复杂,解析起来不仅耗内存,而且很复杂。这就好像花了几千块钱买了个MS Office,但是80%的feature都用不着,还白白的耗着CPU和内存。

个人觉得,设置文件用XML其实挺好,因为设置文件一般并不太大,而且要求可读性强,还有很多乱七八糟的需求,可以利用XML的力量。

前阵子做了个程序,需要解析豆瓣API调用返回的XML。真想说一句。。。豆瓣你别用XML了。。。至少,提供个on版的API调用吧。

(以上谨代表个人观点)

===================正文=================

解析豆瓣返回的,实在是不想用这个重量级的玩意。DOM这个玩意,说它强大好还是说它官僚好呢。我倾向于使用SAXP解析。但是现在面临的一个问题是,我需要根据xml节点的名字和属性值(一个或者多个)来决定当前的值是不是我想要的。这就麻烦一点点。第一反应是考虑xpath。后来觉得不如自己做一个得了,权当是按需定制一个轻量级的xpath。

首先定义XMLSearchUnit类,这个类的实例用来描述一个需要在XML中搜索的值,值可以是xml节点的值,或者是节点的属性。

?

package com.deepnighttwo.resourceresolver.douban.resolver.utils;

import java.util.HhMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;

/**
 * 
 * Represent a search task. Tar could be value of a node or attribute of the
 * node.
 * 
 * @author mzang
 */
public class XMLSearchUnit {

    // attribute values to be matched during search
    private Map<String, String> attributeMatchValidation = new HashMap<String, String>();

    // if target is an attribute, then set this member to be the attribute name.
    // if it is null or empty, then means the target is node value.
    private String expectedAttr;

    // xml path, format is: /node_name/node_name/...
    private String xmlPath;

    public XMLSearchUnit(String xmlPath) {
        this.xmlPath = xmlPath;
    }

    /**
     * if current node meets the search conditions or not. Meets means the path
     * is correct and the attribute value is matched.
     * 
     * @param path
     * @param attributes
     * @return
     */
    public boolean match(String path, Attributes attributes) {
        if (xmlPath.equals(path) == false) {
            return false;
        }

        for (String key : attributeMatchValidation.keySet()) {
            String exp = attributeMatchValidation.get(key);
            String compare = attributes.getValue(key);
            if (exp.equalsIgnoreCase(compare) == false) {
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }

    public Map<String, String> getAttributeMatchValidation() {
        return attributeMatchValidation;
    }

    public void addAttributeValidation(String key, String value) {
        attributeMatchValidation.put(key, value);
    }

    public String getXmlPath() {
        return xmlPath;
    }

    public void setAttributeMatchValidation(
            Map<String, String> attributeMatchValidation) {
        this.attributeMatchValidation = attributeMatchValidation;
    }

    public String getExpectedAttr() {
        return expectedAttr;
    }

    /**
     * if target is node value, then set expectedAttr to null. if target is an
     * attribute value, set it to be the attribute name.
     * 
     * @param expectedAttr
     */
    public void setExpectedAttr(String expectedAttr) {
        this.expectedAttr = expectedAttr;
    }

    /**
     * hash code can be d if all properties are not be be changed.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        final int prime = 31;
        int result = 1;
        result = prime
                * result
                + ((attributeMatchValidation == null) ? 0
                        : attributeMatchValidation.hashCode());
        result = prime * result
                + ((expectedAttr == null) ? 0 : expectedAttr.hashCode());
        result = prime * result + ((xmlPath == null) ? 0 : xmlPath.hashCode());
        return result;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (this == obj)
            return true;
        if (obj == null)
            return false;
        if (getClass() != obj.getClass())
            return false;
        XMLSearchUnit other = (XMLSearchUnit) obj;
        if (attributeMatchValidation == null) {
            if (other.attributeMatchValidation != null)
                return false;
        } else if (!attributeMatchValidation
                .equals(other.attributeMatchValidation))
            return false;
        if (expectedAttr == null) {
            if (other.expectedAttr != null)
                return false;
        } else if (!expectedAttr.equals(other.expectedAttr))
            return false;
        if (xmlPath == null) {
            if (other.xmlPath != null)
                return false;
        } else if (!xmlPath.equals(other.xmlPath))
            return false;
        return true;
    }

}

?

这个类比较简单。就是用一个hashmap保待匹配的attribut键值对,用一个字符串表示期待的attribute name,用一个字符串表示期待的node path。

然后就是如何在SAXP里用到这个类的实例去搜索了。

?

package com.deepnighttwo.resourceresolver.douban.resolver.utils;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;
import org.xml.sax.helpers.DefaultHandler;

/**
 * 
 * SAXP parser working with XMLSearchUnit.
 * 
 * @author mzang
 */

public class DoubanSearchParser extends DefaultHandler {

    // create and initial search units
    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_LINK_API_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/feed/entry/id");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_CONTENT_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/entry/summary");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_TITLE_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/entry/title");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_CHINESE_NAME_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/entry/db:attribute");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_RATINGE_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/entry/gd:rating");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_RATINGE_RATER_COUNT_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/entry/gd:rating");

    public static final XMLSearchUnit DETAILS_LINK_URL_PATH = new XMLSearchUnit(
            "/feed/entry/link");

    static {
        DETAILS_LINK_URL_PATH.addAttributeValidation("rel", "alternate");
        DETAILS_LINK_URL_PATH.setExpectedAttr("href");

        DETAILS_CHINESE_NAME_PATH.addAttributeValidation("lang", "zh_CN");
        DETAILS_CHINESE_NAME_PATH.addAttributeValidation("name", "aka");

        DETAILS_RATINGE_PATH.setExpectedAttr("average");

        DETAILS_RATINGE_RATER_COUNT_PATH.setExpectedAttr("numRaters");

    }

    // a map to store the XMLSearchUnit and value
    private Map<XMLSearchUnit, String> results = new HashMap<XMLSearchUnit, String>();

    // a counter of search unit. if it is 0, then all search unit finds a match
    // value and the result of the XML will be skped.
    private int count = 0;

    private StringBuilder path = new StringBuilder();

    private static final String pathSeparater = "/";

    private XMLSearchUnit[] searchUnits;

    List<XMLSearchUnit> foundItems = new ArrayList<XMLSearchUnit>();

    /**
     * constructor, accept XML input stream, 0 or more search unit instances.
     * 
     * @param input
     * @param expectedPath
     * @return
     */
    public Map<XMLSearchUnit, String> parseResults(InputStream input,
            XMLSearchUnit... expectedPath) {
        for (XMLSearchUnit search : expectedPath) {
            results.put(search, null);
        }

        searchUnits = expectedPath;

        count = expectedPath.length;

        XMLReader xmlReader = null;
        try {
            SAXParserFactory spfactory = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
            spfactory.setValidating(false);
            SAXParser saxParser = spfactory.newSAXParser();
            xmlReader = saxParser.getXMLReader();
            xmlReader.setContentHandler(this);
            xmlReader.parse(new InputSource(input));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println(e);
            System.exit(1);
        }
        return results;
    }

    private void addToPath(String addPath) {
        path.append(pathSeparater).append(addPath.toLowerCase());
    }

    private void popPath() {
        int index = path.lastIndexOf(pathSeparater);
        // String removedPath = path.substring(index);
        path.delete(index, path.length());
    }

    @Override
    public void startElement(String uri, String localName, String qName,
            Attributes attributes) throws SAXException {
        foundItems.clear();
        if (count == 0) {
            return;
        }

        // update path
        addToPath(qName);

        List<XMLSearchUnit> foundAttrItems = null;

        // check if current node matches search units. if it is a node value
        // search, then store it in a member variable named foundItems because
        // the value of the node is known only when reaches the end of the
        // node.but for attribute search, it value is known here. So then are
        // put in a local variable list named foundAttrItems.
        for (XMLSearchUnit unit : searchUnits) {
            if (unit.match(path.toString(), attributes) == true) {

                if (unit.getExpectedAttr() == null) {
                    foundItems.add(unit);
                } else {
                    if (foundAttrItems == null) {
                        foundAttrItems = new ArrayList<XMLSearchUnit>();
                    }
                    foundAttrItems.add(unit);
                }
            }
        }
        // if no attribute match, return.
        if (foundAttrItems == null) {
            return;
        }

        // fill search unit value using attribute value. update count.
        for (XMLSearchUnit attrUnit : foundAttrItems) {
            String attrValue = attributes.getValue(attrUnit.getExpectedAttr());
            if (results.get(attrUnit) == null) {
                count--;
            }
            results.put(attrUnit, attrValue);
            count--;
        }
    }

    /**
     * if current node matches, the the node value is useful, store it.
     */
    @Override
    public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length)
            throws SAXException {
        if (count == 0) {
            return;
        }
        if (foundItems.size() == 0) {
            return;
        }

        for (XMLSearchUnit unit : foundItems) {
            String content = new String(ch, start, length);
            if (results.get(unit) == null) {
                count--;
            }
            results.put(unit, content);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void endElement(String uri, String localName, String qName)
            throws SAXException {
        foundItems.clear();
        if (count == 0) {
            return;
        }
        popPath();
    }
}

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